Keywords: Late bilinguals, emotion words, psycholinguistics


Language-emotion link has been a subject of interest for several decades. It has been studied extensively both in the monolingual and bilingual literature. However, due to the numerous factors that are at play in bilingualism, i.e. age and context of acquisition, frequency of use, there is conflicting evidence regarding the emotional load of each language of bilinguals. A great bulk of evidence leans towards the L1 as the more emotional language. This study investigates the perceived emotionality in the late learned language. Our participants (N = 57) were late bilinguals who learned their second language (English) in formal contexts after their first language (Turkish). We used a lexical decision task in which the participants determined whether the visually presented emotion words were real words or non-words. In line with the literature, we report faster response times for positive than for negative words in both languages. Also, the results showed L1 superiority in word processing.


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Author Biography

Gulmira Kuruoglu

Prof. Dr. Gülmira Sadiyeva Kuruoğlu was born in Baku, Azerbaijan, where she completed her primary and secondary school education. After graduating from Baku Slavian University, Department of Russian Language and Literature in 1994, she completed her Ph.D in Psycholinguistics branch at the Institute of Linguistics, Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences in 1998. She became an Associate Professor in 2002 and Professor in 2008 in the field of General Linguistics. She has worked in Dokuz Eylul University, Department of Linguistics since 2004.


Professor Kuruoğlu is also a speech therapist (aphasiologist) and worked as an aphasiologist in Azerbaijan Republic Clinical Hospital and in Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.


Professor Kuruoğlu has taken part in several projects on language disorders following brain damage in Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkey, and Japan. She has attended conferences on psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics in many universities in Azerbaijan, Russia, Japan, Italy, France, Turkey and etc. She presented papers in a number of international and national conferences, had many articles published in refereed journals and wrote two books titled “Aphasia: A Neurolinguistic Study” and “Neurolinguistics”.


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How to Cite
Mergen, F., & Kuruoglu, G. (2021). PROCESSING EMOTION WORDS IN THE LATE-LEARNED L2. Psycholinguistics in a Modern World, 16, 205-212.

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