Development of Reflective Speech Processes in Preschoolers

Keywords: speech reflection, speech reflection, arbitrariness, intentionality, awareness.

Abstract

The article analyzes domestic and foreign psycholinguistic research on the manifestations of reflection on language and speech in preschoolers in situations of natural speech communication. The most characteristic manifestations of linguistic reflection are highlighted, namely: correction of speech of interlocutors (children and adults), linguistic assessments of one’s own speech and the speech of others, cases of children's etymology, metalanguage issues, meaning of words. Such manifestations of speech reflection as: judgments about the elements of speech, making adjustments to their speech in the process of expression, simplification of lexical and grammatical means in communication with younger children.

It is concluded that reflection occurs in children as a necessary component of the natural process of language acquisition and speech development. Manifestations of reflection in preschoolers in situations of natural communication contribute to the control and regulation of their speech, but by their nature they are spontaneous and situational.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Выготский, Л.С. (1984). Собрание сочинений. (Т.4). Москва: Педагогика.

Воробьева, Т.А. (2019). Языковая рефлексия ребенка в отечественной и зарубежной детской литературе. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/yazykovaya-refleksiya-rebyonka-v-otechestvennoy-i-zarubezhnoy-detskoy-literature/viewer

Елисеева, М.Б. (2015). Прямые и косвенные самоисправления в речи детей дошкольного возраста. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/pryamye-i-kosvennye-samoispravleniya-v-rechi-detey-doshkolnogo-vozrasta/viewer

Калмикова, Л., & Новікова, Г. (2018). Психолінгвістичні феномени «знання мови» і «знання про мову»: проблеми співвідношення й функціонування в мовленні дітей. Psycholinguistics, 23(1), 99–118.

Леонтьев, А.А. (1999). Основы психолингвистики. Retrieved from https://psy.wikireading.ru/h9jREhLmZt

Овчинникова, И. (2004).Что такое метаязыковая способность. Интернет-журнал Филолог, 7. Retrieved from http://philolog.pspu.ru/module

Цукерман, Г.А. (1989). Условия развития рефлексии у шестилеток. Вопросы психологии, 2, 39–46.

Якобсон, Р.О. (1996). К языковедческой проблематике сознания и бессознательности. Язык и бессознательное. Москва.

Kalmykova, L., Kharchenko, N., & Mysan, I. (2021). Reflection in the child’s speech development. 12th ISAPL International Online Congress, Livro de resumos. Abstract book.

Clark, E. (1978). Awareness of language: Some evidence from what children say and do. In: A. Sinclair, R.J. Jarvella & W.J.M. Levelt (Eds.), The Child’s Conception of Language. (pp. 105–123). New York: Springer-Verlag; Berlin: Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-67155-5_2

Schmidt, R. (1993). Consciousness, learning and interlanguage pragmatics. In G. Kasper, & S. Blum-Kulka (Eds.), Interlanguage pragmatics (pp. 21-42). Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Abstract views: 29
PDF Downloads: 27 PDF Downloads: 2
Published
2021-12-17
How to Cite
Lutsenko, I. (2021). Development of Reflective Speech Processes in Preschoolers. Psycholinguistics in a Modern World, 16, 200-204. https://doi.org/10.31470/10.31470/2706-7904-2021-16-200-204