PRODUCTION OF AFFIRMATIVE, NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES IN SCHIZOPHRENIA

Abstract

Language disorder is one of the most significant symptom domains which characterize Schizophrenia Disorder. The aim of the present study considering these language problems is to find out the number of the affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences  on schizophrenia patients’ spontaneous  speech and reveal whether their depression, doubts and sceptical behaviours affect their speech. Fifty patients with schizophrenia diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria were included into the study and compared to fifty healthy subjects matched for age, sex and education level with the patients participated in the study. The subjects’ speech  was  evaluated by using subject-based narration and free verbal narration tests. As a result of the statistical and linguistic analyses, significant differences were found between schizophrenic patients’ and healthy subjects’ speech in terms of between affirmative, negative and interrogative sentence use. The results indicate that the patients' excessive use of negative and interrogative sentences is related to their feature of attributing negatively to the events and emotions they experience.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alpert, M., Kotsafis, A., & Pouget, E.R. (1997). At issue: Speech fluency and schizophrenic negative signs. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 23(2), 171–177. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/23.2.171

Barch, D.M., Cohen, J.D., Servan, S.D, Steingard, S., Steinhauer, S.S., & Kammen, D.P. (1996). Semantic priming in schizophrenia: An examination of spreading activation using word pronunciation and multiple SOAs. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(4), 592–601. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.105.4.592

Bonis, M., Epelbaum, C., Deffez, V., & Feline, A. (1997). The comprehension of metaphors in schizophrenia. Psychopathology, 30(3), 149–154. https://doi.org/10.1159/000285041

Cohen, J.D., & Servan-Schreiber, D. (1992). Context, cortex and dopamine: A connectionist approach to behavior and biology in schizophrenia. Psychological Review, 99(1), 45–77. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.99.1.45

Docherty, N.M., Evans, I.M., Sledge, W.H., Seibly, J.P., & Krystal, J.H. (1994). Affective reactivity of language in schizophrenia.The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182(2), 98–102. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199402000-00006

Du Bois, J.W. (1991). Transcription design principles for spoken discourse research. Pragmatics, 1(1), 71–106. https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.1.1.04boi

Erol, A. (1998). Şizofrenide Dil. Şizofreni Dizisi, 2, 54– 63.

Işık, E. (2006). Güncel Şizofreni. Ankara: Format Matbaacılık.

Jablensky, A. (2000). Epidemiology of schizophrenia: the global burden of disease and disability. European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience, 250(6), 274–285. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004060070002

Meilijson, S.R., Kasher, A., & Elizur, A. (2004). Language Performance in Chronic Schizophrenia: A Pragmatic Approach. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 47, 695–713. https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2004/053)

Sadock, B.J., In Sadock, V.A., Aydın, H., & Bozkurt, A. (2007). Kaplan & Sadock’s comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. Ankara: Güneş Kitabevi.

Thomas, P., & Fraser, W.I. (1994). Linguistics, human communication and psychiatry. British Journal of Psychiatry, 165(5), 585–592. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.165.5.585

Walker, E.F., Grimes, K.E., & Davis, D.M. (1993). Childhood precursors of schizophrenia: Facial Expressions of Emotion. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 150(11), 1654–1660. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.150.11.1654

Wrobel, J. (1990). Language and Schizophrenia. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing.

Wunderink, A., & Kaymaz, N. (2002). Sizofreni/Turkse editie/druk 1. Inmerc.

Yavuz, R. (2008). Şizofreni. Türkiye’de Sık Karşılaşılan Psikiyatrik Hastalıklar Sempozyum Dizisi, 62, 49–58.


Abstract views: 40
PDF Downloads: 21 PDF Downloads: 3 PDF Downloads: 3
Published
2021-12-17
How to Cite
Vural Özcan , A., & Kuruoğlu, G. (2021). PRODUCTION OF AFFIRMATIVE, NEGATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES IN SCHIZOPHRENIA. Psycholinguistics in a Modern World, 16, 332-338. https://doi.org/10.31470/10.31470/2706-7904-2021-16-332-338